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Slovakia and the eu

What EU membership brings to Slovakia

Slovakia’s accession to the European Union is one of the landmark moments in its history as an independent country. Over the course of several years, we have joined the core of European integration. Membership of the European Union has brought a number of positive changes for Slovakia, though also several new challenges and obligations.

In 2004, the Slovak Republic became a fully-fledged member of the EU, concluding a process of integration that had spanned over 10 years. Slovakia’s EU membership has opened up new economic opportunities for the country whilst bringing free movement of goods, services, capital and people. The EU’s single internal market has given us the opportunity to work, run a business, travel and live in another EU Member State. At the same time, Slovakia’s exports to EU Member States have increased significantly.

Improvements were made in the areas of business opportunities, public awareness and consumer rights. Slovakia opened itself up to foreign direct investment. Fellow EU member countries now account for around 90 percent of foreign direct investment in Slovakia. In keeping with the common European rules, the Slovak body of laws also changed with Slovakia’s accession to the EU.

The joining of the Schengen Area in 2007 was another milestone in Slovakia’s EU membership. It resulted in a significant simplification of cross-border movement, since 94 percent of Slovakia’s borders are internal EU borders. Thanks to EU membership, Slovakia also participates in the Common Foreign and Security Policy, which strengthens the country’s position on the international political landscape.

A significant change came with the adoption of the euro in 2009. The common European currency enhances overall economic stability, reduces exchange costs and creates favourable conditions for long-term business decisions.

Being an EU member also brings the right to be fully engaged in the Union’s decision-making, particularly via the Council of the EU. In return, Slovakia has transferred some of its powers to the EU institutions. For instance, it has ceded some powers in trade and agricultural policies, as well as in environmental and technical standards.

Through programmes such as Comenius, Socrates and Erasmus+, Slovakia has obtained new opportunities to improve the quality of education and training for young people.

As far as the area of transport is concerned, the possibility to finance projects with EU funds is the most palpable benefit arising from EU membership. For example, a total of EUR 3.16 billion was earmarked for Slovakia from the ‘Transport’ operational programme during the 2007–2013 programming period. This concerns the construction of motorways, as well as the modernisation of railway infrastructure and the renewal of rolling stock. Ensuring that EU funds are absorbed more effectively is a central challenge facing Slovakia.

Latest news

9 December 2016
Safer borders and Eurodac among great results under Slovak Presidency
Brussels (9 December) – The reform of the Common European Asylum System, migration as well as fight against terrorism and organised crime were among key topics discussed by the last Home Affairs Council under the Slovak presidency. The meeting was chaired by Deputy Prime Minister and Slovak Interior Minister Robert Kaliňák.
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9 December 2016
Common European Asylum System reform: Council ready to start negotiations on Eurodac
Brussels (9 December) - The Council endorsed a mandate for negotiations with the European Parliament on the recast of the Eurodac regulation. On the basis of this mandate, the presidency will start negotiations with the European Parliament as soon as the latter has adopted its position.
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9 December 2016
Intergovernmental agreements in the field of energy: Council strengthens EU energy security
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9 December 2016
Shareholders' rights in EU companies: Presidency strikes deal with Parliament
On 9 December 2016, the EU's committee of permanent representatives (COREPER) endorsed an agreement between the Slovak presidency and European Parliament representatives to strengthen shareholders engagement in big European companies.
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25 November 2016
Violence against women - simply unacceptable!
Violence against women and girls is a grave violation of human rights in the world and one of the least prosecuted crimes in the world.
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9 November 2016
Statement by the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic on the adoption of the 2016 Enlargement Package
The Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic welcomes the adoption of the European Commission’s 2016 Enlargement Package, which contains assessment reports concerning the individual candidate countries and potential candidates for EU membership. We recognise the fact that this year’s package is centred around an assessment of the implementation of last year’s strategy, while also taking stock of trends in the region in key areas such as the rule of law, fundamental rights, migration, the functioning of public authorities, economy and regional cooperation. The reporting methodology introduced last year was expanded to cover additional areas. This has facilitated a better assessment of the overall progress made over the past year, as well as mutual comparisons between the individual applicants.
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23 August 2016
Joint Statement: Ministerial Conference on the European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Totalitarian Regimes
(Bratislava, 23 August 2016)
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12 July 2016
Speech by Foreign Minister M. Lajčák at the EP Committee AFET
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7 October 2016
2 climate weeks: „small step for humanity, giant leap for Slovak Presidency“
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9 December 2016
Notice: Minister M. Lajčák to attend the Foreign Affairs Council in Brussels
The Slovak Minister for Foreign and European Affairs Miroslav Lajčák is to attend a regular Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) meeting in Brussels on Monday 12 November. The Council is chaired by the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Federica Mogherini.
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9 December 2016
Notice: AGRIFISH Council on unfair practices, organics and fishing opportunities
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7 December 2016
Notice: Migration, asylum and border modernisation on interior ministers' agenda chaired by R. Kaliňák
On Friday 9 December, Deputy Prime Minister and Slovak Interior Minister Robert Kaliňák will chair the Home Affairs Council (JHA) in Brussels.
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7 December 2016
Notice: Fight against fraud high on agenda of JHA chaired by Minister Žitňanská
On Thursday 8 December, Slovak Minister for Justice Lucia Žitňanská will chair the Justice Council (JHA) in Brussels.
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23 June 2016
Presidency glossary
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23 June 2016
Slovak Presidency Website eu2016.sk
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22 June 2016
Accreditation and registration
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5 May 2016
Presidency in Figures
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19 July 2016
Council conclusions on Venezuela
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19 July 2016
Council conclusions on EU strategy on China
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19 July 2016
Council conclusions on Turkey
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19 July 2016
EU priorities at the United Nations and the 71st UNGA
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